Boys that dressed flax in the barn read Tom Paine and believed him … [M]ost of the class before me were infidels and called each other Voltaire, Rousseau, D’Alembert, etc. This startled and alarmed my companion, and he commenced weeping too. Finney believed the gospel did not just get people saved, but it was also a means of cleaning up society. Location: Religious reform affected all of the nation, however, only in northern states did the reform later play a significant role in social reform. The first camp meeting revival was in south-central Kentucky. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. It was in the transformation of Calvinist theology that the Second Great Awakening had the most profound impact on individuals and on American religious culture. Test. It comes from the 1853 autobiography of Rev. Beginning back in late eighteenth century and lasting until the middle of the nineteenth century,1 this Protestant awakening sought to reach out the un … So sudden and so great was the change in individuals, and in the general aspect of the college, that those who had been waiting for it were filled with wonder as well as joy. While the Second Great Awakening does not refer to an exact time period, one its starting points has been identified as the revival held at Cane Ridge, Kentucky in 1801. The awakening affected the new nation far beyond the realm of religion. Flashcards. The Second Great Awakening commenced in the late 18 th century, gained momentum in the early 19 th century, and was at its peak in the middle of the 19 th century. Please check your e-mail for a link to activate your account. He was the first to have an "invitation" calling people to the front to make a public witness of their conversion. Pictured Above: Painting of Camp Meeting from the Second Great Awakening. In northern New England, social activism took precedence; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations. PLAY. While I remained here my feelings became intense and insupportable. In August 1801, Barton W. Stone led a revival in Cane Ridge, Kentucky that became the most famous camp meeting. The revivals in the east were much more subdued than those on the frontier; many of the eastern revivalists were highly critical of the emotional excesses of the Cane Ridge camp meeting. scientific] result of the right use of the constituted means." The common people were deeply affected, and, as at the Gasper River meeting, strong emotional responses were considered proofs of conversion. Spell. The Second Great Awakening was loosely defined as “a new mode of religious authority by ministers, who fearful of losing their traditional role of New England society, tried to tame the rising … Spirituality was one of the most dominant parts of The Second Great Awakening. These institutions lost their moorings and strayed from their origins to train young men for Christian ministry. luke45225. At one time I saw at least five hundred swept down in a moment, as if a battery of a thousand guns had been opened upon them, and then immediately followed shrieks and shouts that rent the very heavens. During this revival, meetings were held in small towns and large cities throughout the country, and the unique frontier institution known as the camp meeting began. Christian historians and theologians also refer to these mass awakenings as “revivals.” There is a slight nuance between the two terms, “awakening” and “revival.” Revival focuses on those who are already Christians. Having reached the neighborhood of the meeting, we stopped and put up for the night. Places like Yale University had become a graveyard of past Christian stalwarts. They worked strategically in Illinois along the Underground Railroad to help African-Americans in Missouri to take hold of their God-given freedom. Some of the unusual exhibitions of these meetings drew criticism by other Christians. It is a purely philosophic [i.e. A “great awakening” occurs when large masses of people are converted to faith in Christ. We arrived upon the ground, and here a scene presented itself to my mind not only novel and unaccountable, but awful beyond description. Pictured below: A Tent Revival of the Second Great Awakening, In the east, Yale University experienced a revival of Biblical Christianity under President Timothy Dwight, Jonathan Edwards' grandson. STUDY. Then fell the scales from my sin-blinded eyes, and I realized, in all its force and power, the awful truth, that if I died in my sins I was a lost man forever. Much of the spiritual change came through outdoor worship gatherings led by local pastors or itinerant preachers. Write. The Second Great Awakening . We said but little on the way, though many a deep, long-drawn sigh told the emotions of my heart. If you would like to help America return to God, consider giving a gift today! Pray for an Uprising of Daniel 11:32-33 Christians. Then it was that I saw clearly through the thin veil of Universalism, and this refuge of lies was swept away by the Spirit of God. He then rose and sung in the same manner, and continued singing and praying alternately till nine o’clock, when suddenly my load was gone, my guilt removed, and presently the direct witness from heaven shone full upon my soul. What was the Second Great Awakening?The Second Great Awakening was prompted by falling interest in religion when people were excited about the innovations of the Industrial Revolution and the rapid expansion of U.S. territories, particularly in the west. I resolved, in the morning, to start for home, for I felt that I was a ruined man. Finney himself was a strong abolitionist and encouraged Christians to become involved in the antislavery movement. Exuberant revivalist meetings ignited the interest in religion. These revivals at the beginning of the nineteenth century became known as the Second Great Awakening. A man was free to choose his spiritual destiny. Gravity. Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. How should we evaluate the Second Great Awakening? However, in this context of the Second Great Awakening, the term “revival” usually refers to large-scale rededication of Christians and always accompanies an awakening of those who were non-Christians. Abolition of slaves, education, healthcare, and worldwide missions came forth with great force as a result of the Second Great Awakening. The revivalist previously worked in law but was dramatically converted and became a Presbyterian minister. The British colonies were settled by many individuals who were looking for a place to worship their Christian religion free from persecution. On the frontier, some regions were devoid of morals and Christianity. Second Great Awakening, Protestant religious revival in the United States from about 1795 to 1835. The Second Great Awakening stretched from New England to the frontiers of the Midwest and Ohio River Valley. Activist religious groups provided both the leadership and the well-organized voluntary societies that drove the reform movements of the antebellum period … The second great awakening was a period of religious revival that encourages individuals to pursue the knowledge of God and self. Some people came over one hundred miles to attend the meeting; they prepared to camp out in wagons, tents, and makeshift shelters until a revival came. Not everyone believed that these strange phenomena of people falling to the ground and such were the work of God. Generally less emotional than the Great Awakening, the Second Great Awakening led to the founding of colleges and seminaries and to the organization of mission societies. Lyman Beecher, a student at Yale at the time, described the failing spiritual condition of Yale when Dwight took the presidency in 1795. Christians in America... Thanking God should be a part of every prayer as we plead for revival. The Second Great Awakening was a nationwide expansion of Christianity in the US, lasting from 1790 to 1840. He then kneeled at the bedside and prayed for my salvation most fervently, in Dutch and broken English. While it occurred in all parts of the United States, it was especially strong in the Northeast and the Midwest. That was the day of the infidelity of the Tom Paine school. When a great wave of emotional conversions occurred, the people were convinced this was of God. It was an important event that had the goal of spreading religion through various ways of preaching and revivals. Wine and liquors were kept in many rooms; intemperance, profanity, gambling and licentiousness were common. Here I saw about one hundred men engaged in drunken revelry, playing cards, trading horses, quarreling, and fighting. I became so weak and powerless that I found it necessary to sit down. Many techniques of the Second and Third Great Awakenings were transposed from America to Korea, including the circuit-riding system of the Methodists, the Baptist farmer … Christians became the leaders in many other social concerns such as education, prison reform, temperance, Sabbath observance, and women's rights. The 2 nd Great Awakening was a religious revival that took place after the American Revolution between 1790 and 1840 in an effort to restore a simpler form of Christianity. Another meeting was called for July at the Gasper River Church to wait "for the Spirit to descend again." In the series of revivals Finney held from 1824-1837 (during what some call the Third Awakening), Finney instituted a number of new measures which later evangelists would continue. The vast sea of human beings seemed to be agitated as if by a storm. James Finley who recounts his experience and his own salvation at the Cane Ridge revival. The awakening affected the new nation far beyond the realm of religion. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Second Great Awakening During the early nineteenth century, a religious revival swept across Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio. A sense of suffocation and blindness seemed to come over me, and I thought I was going to die. The second great awakening contradicted the assertion of the first great awakening during which the doctrine of predestination was introduced and taught. After some time I returned to the scene of excitement the waves of which, if possible, had risen still higher. Finney pressed for decisions. These evangelistic endeavors have had an untold impact on the whole world as Christianity has increased more around the world in the last 100 years than in the previous 1900 years. Notwithstanding all this, my heart was so proud and hard that I would not have fallen to the ground for the whole state of Kentucky. The Holy Spirit fell powerfully, and many historians mark this event as the beginning of the Second Great Awakening. 3 Reasons Why Racial Reconciliation Should Be a Church Priority, Don't Think of Church as Your Own Spiritual Power Bar. The scene that then presented itself to my mind was indescribable. The Second Great Awakening also brought significant changes to American culture. The same awfulness of feeling came over me. Created by. The brandy had no effect in allaying my feelings, but, if anything, made me worse. The Great Camp Meetings In the West, the Second Great Awakening began with James McGready (1762?–1817). Back in New England, there was a lull in Christianity. Revival and mission interestThe Second Great Awakening resulted in the establishment of numerous societies to aid in spreading the gospel, including the American Bible Society (1816), American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (1810), American Sunday School Union (1817), American Tract Society (1826), and the American Home Missionary Society (1826). Colonial America experienced the First Great Awakening during 1730-1755. Perhaps equally important was his influence upon young men such as Barton … When we arrived at the Blue Lick Knobs, I broke the silence which reigned mutually between us. But not all were supportive of Finney. Praise... Dear Prayer Team, How necessary are our prayers? Revival and awakening is primarily a spiritual or religious matter, at least that where the movement begins. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious revival during the early 19th century in the United States. While not a direct rebuke of the Enlightenment movement, the 2 nd Great Awakening … Revivals and awakenings were shaking the east coast. Revival came to Yale through the presidency of Timothy Dwight, grandson of Jonathan Edwards who was a prominent leader of the First Great Awakening. This religious movement was felt nationwide and consisted of small and large gatherings alike. McGready was a stirring preacher and under his ministry an extensive awakening spread over north—central North Carolina after 1791. To understand what the Second Great Awakening was, we need to go back to earlier revivals and the current social environment of the 1800's. Finney was to bring in new methods and a new attitude towards revival. It was led by people such as Charles Grandison Finney, Henry Ward Beecher, Lyman Beecher, E … He and his followers worked to make the United States a Christian nation. The Second Great Awakening was a U.S. religious revival that began in the late eighteenth century and lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century. This is how it differs from the first 100 years earlier, which focused on bringing people back to the church. Church membership doubled in the years between 1800 and 1835. The master of the field sowed good seed but his enemy sowed weeds. Believers are renewed or revived in their devotion to Jesus when there is “revival.” The term “revival” can be used in other ways, as when an individual Christian experiences spiritual reinvigoration or when a church hosts a series of worship services designed to excite fresh faith in those who are already followers of Jesus. They were country pastors or “circuit riders” — itinerant preachers who rode on horseback from place to place to preach the gospel. Social services grew out of the awakening as care was directed towards the fringes of society, to those imprisoned, handicapped or mentally ill. Home and foreign missionary societies were created to ensure that the message of Christ would continue to spread far and wide. The Second Great Awakening. Christianity.com is a member of the Salem Web Network of sites including: Copyright © 2020, Christianity.com. Many of the leaders of the awakening were unknown to most Americans. The Second Great Awakening laid the foundations of the development of present-day religious beliefs and establishments, moral views, and democratic ideals in the United States. As such, America arose as a religious … I counted seven ministers, all preaching at one time, some on stumps, others in wagons, and one – the Rev. It followed the First Great Awakening of colonial America. During the first half of the 1800's, the population of the United States grew from five to thirty million, and the boundary of the nation moved ever westward. The movement started around 1800, had begun to gain momentum by 1820, and was in decline by 1870. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (11) henry davis thoreau. Jonathan Edwards had viewed the 1735 revival in Northampton as "a very extraordinary dispensation of Providence" a "surprising work of God." Revival camp meetings swept through Kentucky, Tennessee and many of the southern states. Christianity was almost nonexistent then at Yale, the campus church almost extinct. At times it seemed as if all the sins I had ever committed in my life were vividly brought up in array before my terrified imagination, and under their awful pressure I felt that I must die if I did not get relief. An awakening refers to the moment when a person realizes his own need to trust in Jesus Christ, otherwise known as the point of regeneration and conversion. Christmas is about celebrating the advent, which means “coming,” of the Son of God to... Let's pray for an uprising of Christians in line with Daniel 11:32-33. The family, who seemed to be posted in regard to all the movements of the meeting, cheerfully answered all our inquiries, and gave us all the information we desired; The next morning we started for the meeting. Among the number was a German from Switzerland, who had experienced religion. Ever since those days, both Awakenings have provided … Feeling a great desire to see the wonderful things which had come to my ears, and having been solicited by some of my old schoolmates to go over into Kentucky for the purpose of revisiting the scenes of my boyhood, I resolved to go. A revival known as the Second Great Awakening began in New England in the 1790s. Several new groups formed to promote and strengthen the message of religious revival. Soon after I left and went into the woods and there I strove to rally and man up my courage. Finally, in 1801, after seven years of preaching, revival came to Yale. A strange supernatural power seemed to pervade the entire mass of mind there collected. Start studying First Awakening vs Second Great Awakening. The American Revolution left more than just a legacy of government. It arose in several places and in several active forms. This phenomenon was the natural consequence of the fact that the Americans gained their freedom. Read the first paragraph on page 207. All rights reserved. In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentuck… Download The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalists Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. Lives were changed, churches were started, and the good news and works of Christ went forward in the uncharted territory of the new United States. My pride was wounded, for I had supposed that my mental and physical strength and vigor could most successfully resist these influences. He, understanding fully my condition, had me carried to his house and laid on a bed. They started colleges like Illinois College and Grinnell College (IA) for training settlers for ministry and higher education. The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival that happened in America in the early 19th century. Christianity disseminated as religions like Methodist, Baptist, and the Unitarian faith manifested in America. How Should the Gospel Shape our Understanding of Racial Reconciliation? Revivals were a key part of the movement and attracted hundreds of converts to new Protestant denominations. List the four causes for the Antebellum Era reform … The noise was like the roar of Niagara. I felt that such an event would have been an everlasting disgrace, and put a final quietus on my boasted manhood and courage. For example, a group of students from Dwight’s Yale University, later called “The Yale Band,” headed west to evangelize the Midwest but also with the stated purpose of starting colleges and sounding the trumpet call for abolishing slavery. Often these produced strange physical manifestations - some people fainted and fell to the ground (were "slain in the spirit") or suffered uncontrollable shaking ("the jerks"). But the awakening ushered tens of thousands of settlers to a new life in Christ. There was dancing, running and singing - all of which Stone said were manifestations of God's presence. After some time I got to the bar, and took a dram and left, feeling that I was as near hell as I wished to be, either in this or the world to come. The Second Great Awakening had a tremendous effect on American society by spawning a large number of social reform movements. Night approaching, we put up near Mayslick, the whole of which was spent by me in weeping and promising God, if he would spare me till morning I would pray and try to mend my life and abandon my wicked courses. finney and his contemporaries were participants in the second first awakening talking about whether a person would go to heaven or hell. The old Dutch saint directed me to look right away to the Savior. My heart beat tumultuously, my knees trembled, my lip quivered, and I felt as though I must fall to the ground. . The name refers to the fact that this period followed the First Great Awakening, which was a period of intense religious interest in the 1730s and 1740s. The meeting lasted a week, and 23,000 people came. What it was: The Second Great Awakening consisted of many forms of religious revivals and religious reform groups offering salvation for all. second great awakening. Download this 67-page, 5-lesson course in PDF format. The Second Great Awakening was a period of religious revival in the United States between 1790 and the 1840s. Charles Finney ended up as the most prominent leader of the Second Great Awakening. Revivals became the primary means of Christianizing the growing and expanding population. Oh how I dreaded the death of the soul; for, “There is a death whose pangOutlasts the fleeting breath:Oh what eternal horrors hangAround the second death”. Most of the students were skeptical, and rowdies were plenty. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revival meetings and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. Under Timothy Dwight’s preaching and leadership, the Holy Spirit began to awaken and revive the campus. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant revival movement during the early nineteenth century. I cried, I laughed, I shouted, and so strangely did I appear to all but my Dutch brother, that they thought me deranged. The Second Great Awakening was a nationwide expansion of Christianity in the US, lasting from 1790 to 1840. It shaped American society in remarkable ways that are with us today. An answer to the second question must begin by considering the spiritual and theological tenets of evangelical Protestantism. A great encourager of such reforms was the evangelist Charles G. Finney. Why So Many Churches Hear So Little of the Bible, Christmas Eve Prayers for You and Your Family. I stepped up on to a log, where I could have a better view of the surging sea of humanity. Around the year 1800, in the period following the War of Independence, American society experienced the Second Great Awakening (1800-1840). The Second Great Awakening accelerated change through contemporary religions, higher education, and general culture. Finney developed innovative ways to lead revivals and taught other ministers how to bring about revival, but many Christian ministers then and now disapprove of Finney’s “new measures.”. Characteristics of this period include widespread conversions, increased church activity, social activism, and the emergence of new Christian … Match. need to go back to earlier revivals and the current social environment of the 1800's. What was the social impact of the Second Great Awakening? Sign up to seek God for revival in America. The following passage describes one such meeting that took place in Kentucky. The movement started around 1790, picked up force by 1800 and, after 1820, enrollment climbed quickly among Baptist and Methodist assemblies whose missionaries drove the development. One Presbyterian minister said the anarchy of the camp meetings must have had some connections with the French Revolution! The college church was almost extinct. Looks at the Second Great Awakening … The Second Great Awakening had a greater effect on society than any other revival in America. Both the wheat and weeds will remain until Jesus comes at the end of the age (Matthew 13:24-30). Organizations were formed to reach more people with the love and truth of the gospel message. What was the spiritual impact of the Second Great Awakening? Some of these undeveloped areas didn’t have the stability of law and order and the positive influence of Christian religion on the inhabitants. The camp-meetings featured zealous preac… The Second Great Awakening is no different. A book entitled The Second Great Awakening and the Transcendentalists written by Barry Hankins, published by Greenwood Publishing Group which was released on 11 December 2020. The Second Great Awakening (1790–1840) was a time of evangelical fervor and revival in the newly formed nation of America. My cries wore so loud that they attracted the attention of the neighbors, many of whom gathered around me. Wherever students were found in their rooms, in the chapel, in the hall, in the college-yard, in their walks about the city, the reigning impression was, “Surely God is in this place.” The salvation of the soul was the great subject of thought, of conversation, of absorbing interest; the convictions of many were pungent and overwhelming; the “peace in believing” which succeeded, was not less strongly marked. Whatever weeds Satan may have sown in America from 1790-1840 may be with us today, but the wheat that grew during those five decades produced an abundant crop that may never be surpassed in all of American history. Similar stories could be told from Princeton University, Williams College, and other colleges. It shaped American society in remarkable ways that are with us today. At a meeting in June 1800, Presbyterian James McGready and two other pastors preached for 3 days; on the fourth day, two traveling Methodist ministers officiated and concluded with an emotional exhortation. In the month of August, 1801, I learned there was to be a great meeting at Cane Ridge, in my father’s old congregation. The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious restoration amid the mid-nineteenth century in the United States. Night at length came on, and I was afraid to see any of my companions. Chun Beh Im compared the evangelistic method and results of the Third Great Awakening in America with the Korean revivals of 1884–1910. A vast crowd, supposed by some to have amounted to twenty-five thousand, was collected together. While witnessing these scenes, a peculiarly strange sensation, such as I had never felt before, came over me. When I arrived there I was disgusted with the sight that met my eyes. I cautiously avoided them, fearing lest they should discover something the matter with me. The awakening rejected deism of the Enlightenment and skeptical rationalism. The American Bible Society, founded in 1816, distributed Bibles in an effort to ensure … In the last video in this series, Kim discusses some of the new religious movements and reform movements that grew out of the Second Great Awakening. On the way I said to my companions, “Now, if I fall it must be by physical power and not by singing and praying;” and as I prided myself upon my manhood and courage, I had no fear of being overcome by any nervous excitability, or being frightened into religion. The Methodist Church used circuit ridersto reach people … A few revival leaders were more well-known, like Charles Finney of New York and Timothy Dwight of Yale University. I tried to philosophize in regard to these wonderful exhibitions, resolving them into mere sympathetic excitement – a kind of religious enthusiasm, inspired by songs and eloquent harangues. Finney believed that revival was not something sent down by God, but it could be brought about if the right means were used. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The Second Great Awakening was an event that marked a revival of Protestantism in the 19th century. Sometimes tens of thousands of people would gather outdoors to fellowship, worship, hear preaching, and receive communion. This Second Great Awakening, a reprise of the Great Awakening of the early 18th century, was marked by an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology. Certain western areas of the state were termed “burned over districts” because of how many meetings Finney had led there. And those who knew not what it meant were awe-struck and amazed. Charles Finney, however, believed that "a revival is not a miracle . Critics labeled them excessive emotionalism, but the fruit of these meetings was abundant. FREE OFFER: Get the "Seeking God Lifestyle" Bible Course Manual. The Second Great Awakening, which spread religion through revivals and emotional preaching, sparked a number of reform movements. At least half of the student body was converted to Christianity under Dwight's Presidency. Many physically collapsed at what they called conviction of sin. Starting In New York, Charles Finney began leading revivals with great success. Many different movements were a part of the Second Great Awakening. Dwight wrote about the dramatic changes: Such triumphs of grace, none whose privilege it was to witness them, had ever before seen. One college tutor wrote home to his mom, "Yale College is a little temple; prayer and praise seem to be the delight of the greater part of the students while those who are still unfeeling are awed with respectful silence.". In this state I wandered about from place to place, in and around the encampment. . During the first half of the 1800's My hair rose up on my head, my whole frame trembled, the blood ran cold in my veins, and I fled for the woods a second time, and wished I had stayed at home. But there are social implications of the gospel and the new converts and renewed believers of the Second Great Awakening put their faith to action. The religions … The Second Great Awakening was a Protestant religious movement in the United States. William Burke, now of Cincinnati – was standing on a, tree which had, in falling, lodged against another. The Second Great Awakening is characterized by its stressing Arminianism rather than Calvinism, and its encouragement of revivalistic and democratic theology, which were seen to be essential ingredients in the shaping of American Protestantism. As soon as day broke I went to the woods to pray, and no sooner had my knees touched the ground than I cried aloud for mercy and salvation, and fell prostrate. On the American frontier, camp meetings came to characterize revivals. The preaching was simple, lively, and persuasive, with preachers from different denominations sharing the platform. The Second Great Awakening, liberal social ideas from abroad, and Romantic beliefs in human perfectibility fostered the rise of voluntary organizations to promote religious and secular reforms, including abolition and women’s rights. Kentucky was also influenced by a revival during this period. There will always be good and bad that come from any place and time in history. 1801, Barton W. Stone led a revival during this period years earlier, which why! The fruit of these meetings was so Great that some said: `` the noise was a... Everlasting disgrace, and more with flashcards, games, and many historians this... Training settlers for ministry and higher education from their origins to train young men for ministry! A period of religious revival I started from my woody retreat in Highland county under ministry! Were the work of God 's presence Finney ended up as the beginning the. 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