Rainforest ecosystem services are not just vital for their regulating roles. Wildlife is important to the heritage, culture, and heart of America, and we want to preserve it as a legacy for our children. Sacred groves for forest conservation in Ghana’s coastal savannas: Assessing ecological and social dimensions. Observations on the climate, topography and diseases of the British colonies in western Africa. Donato, D.C.; Kauffman, J.B.; Muridyarso, D.; Kurnianto, S.; Stidham, M.; Kanninen, M. Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics. ; Narra, P.M.F. López-Angarita, J.; Roberts, C.M. Krauss, K.W. Lau, J.D. ; Voigt, B.; Johnson, G.W. These have become known as ecosystem services and, according to the Rainforest Conservation Fund (RCF), they would cost trillions of dollars per year if human beings had to provide them for themselves. It is estimated that about half of the world’s species are found in forested areas, particularly in species-rich tropical forests. Remarks on the Mosquito Territory, its climate, people, productions etc. Mangrove forests store high densities of carbon across the tropical urban landscape of Singapore. Carbon stocks in artificially and naturally regenerated mangrove ecosystems in the Mekong delta. © 2016 by the author; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. Island fever: The historical determinants of malaria in the Andaman Islands. ; Ewel, K.C. ; Hussain, S.S.; McVittie, A.; Verburg, P.H. Thiagarajah, J.; Wong, S.K.M. Wave attenuation is an important focus in contemporary mangrove ecosystem service research, with numerous laboratory and field studies quantifying the processes contributing to wave attenuation, and the degree of attenuation under different hydrodynamic and meterological conditions [, Mangrove forests provide a regulating ecosystem service through their role in the local sediment budget. J. Biodivers. ... which is essential to maintaining basic ecosystem processes and supporting ecosystem functions. Bell, C.N. This study was funded by the Ministry of Education, Government of Singapore (R-109-000-166-112). Ecosystem services were explicitly described in 41% of the reports, 73% of which referred to provisioning services, especially for timber and fuelwood. Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005. Mangrove forests are still used today for the production of timber and charcoal (e.g., A range of Indigenous uses of timber products were described from mangrove resources, such as the production of aboriginal canoes [, The importance of timber for export to Europe and other colonies was soon noted as economically important in the 19th Century, and this trade caused substantial tension with local communities in terms of forest governance and access in many locations [, Many mangrove forest species, especially the genus, A range of non-timber forest products are extracted from the mangrove forest by local communities today, including food, animal feed, and medicine [, In the 19th century, colonial use of mangroves also focused on economically important and exportable non-timber forest products, especially the use of mangroves in tanning leather, which was referred to in three articles between 1823 and 1883. By offering evidence of positive impacts as well as tools for communication and green marketing, the FSC Ecosystem Services Procedure aims to bring monetary and non-monetary benefits to those who actively support the responsible management of the world’s forests and ecosystem services. Sunseri, T. Reinterpreting a colonial rebellion: Forestry and social control in German East Africa. Note on two expeditions up the River Rovuma, East Africa. Uddin, M.S. ; Donato, D.C.; Manuri, S.; Krisnawati, S.; Taberima, S.; Kurnianto, S. The potential of Indonesian mangrove forests for global climate change mitigation. Forest ecosystem products and services Forests play a vital role in Canada’s economic health, with the forest industry accounting for some 297,000 direct and indirect jobs. ; Luck, G.W. Duarte, C.M. Lyytimäki, J. Ecosystem disservices: Embrace the word. The presence of aboriginal groups was suggested through the appearance of footprints in the mangrove, and thus mangroves were avoided as at low tide the sailing exploration party would be placed “, One of the most common ecosystem disservices attributed to mangrove forests was their perceived role in acting as a reservoir for disease, either through ‘bad air’ or more rarely as a breeding ground for disease vectors such as mosquitoes. ; Ronnback, P.; Kovacs, J.M. The spiritual importance of mangroves was so strong in this instance that it was taboo for people to touch (and presumably cut) the trees. J.G. ; Brown, B.; Amir, A.; Cameron, C.; Koldewey, H.; Sasmito, S.D. For example, the newly formed government of Queensland explored the northeast coast of Australia around the mouth of the Burdekin River in August 1860, opening the area to two expeditions of settlers (overland and by sea) in 1861. Social valuation of mangroves in the Niger delta region of Nigeria. ; Reef, R.; Rogers, K.; Saunders, M.L. De Puydt, M.L. those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publisher and the editor(s). On recent surveys of East Africa. supporting, provisioning, regulating, and cultural services (P < 0.001). Wave attenuation in mangroves: A quantitative approach to field observations. ; Barbier, E.; Dahdouh-Guebas, F. Ethnobiology, socio-economics and management of mangrove forests: A review. We should not underestimate mangrove ecosystem disservices, and how contemporary perceptions of mangroves may be influenced by such historical viewpoints. Martin, J. Explorations in north-western Australia. They are often invisible and therefore mostly taken for granted. As a supporting ecosystem service, evapotranspiration The expedition between Gloucester Island and Halifax Bay is described by Captain Jacob William Smith. Forests offer us many goods: foods, such as honey, nuts, fruits and mushrooms; timber; cork; wood biomass; aromatic and medicinal plants. When they are damaged, the resulting losses can be substantial and difficult to restore. Colonial Situations: Essays on the contextualization of ethnographic knowledge. ; Bennett, E.M.; Daniels, L.D. European forests provide a broad range of ecosystem goods and services vital to society, however their sustainable provision remain challenging. Smith describes a number of interactions with aboriginal groups along the coast during this expedition. Official report on the State and Navigation of the Indus below Hyderabad, Compiled by Lieut. ; Primavera, J.H. Friess, D.A. Searches were conducted in April–May 2016, using the search term “mangrove” to collate all accessible articles. First contact: Colonial European preconceptions of tropical Queensland rainforest and its people. Reilly, M. Sex and war in ancient Polynesia. ; Sidik, F. Policy challenges and approaches for the conservation of mangrove forests in Southeast Asia. Forests provide a range of ecosystem functions that are fundamental to sustaining terrestrial systems (Abson et al., 2014, Chazdon et al., 2009, MEA, 2005).These functions are thought to contribute vital support to the provisioning of ecosystem goods and services needed to maintain human populations (Foley et al., 2005, Matson, 1997, Mery et al., 2005). ; Friess, D.A. and functions that urban forests provide. These benefits are known as ecosystem services. Identity, subjectivity and natural resource use: How ethnicity, gender and class intersect to influence mangrove oyster harvesting in the Gambia. ; Shahrestani, S.; Weis, J.S. Man, E.H. On the aboriginal inhabitants of the Andaman Islands (Part III). Dahdouh-Guebas, F.; Mathenge, C.; Kairo, J.G. ; Guntenspergen, G.R. The anthropologist Charles Staniland Wake described Australian aboriginal ceremonies where the dead were buried in a grave and covered with mangrove saplings [, Ecosystem disservices can result from the deliberate negative manipulation or disturbance of an ecosystem, or—as we assume is the case of mangroves in the 19th century—the negative functioning of a relatively undisturbed system [, During the 19th century, regions being colonized were often portrayed as unknown, isolated, dark, and savage. his special section presents new research that advances our knowledge on the ecological and environmental services provided by the urban forest. ; Renard, D.L. Burton, R.F. ; Lovelock, C.E. Our findings suggest that when incorporating forests and trees within an appropriate and contextualized natural resource management strategy, there is potential to maintain, and in some cases, enhance yields comparable to solely monoculture systems. The statements, opinions and data contained in the journal, © 1996-2020 MDPI (Basel, Switzerland) unless otherwise stated. Limitations of the ecosystem services versus disservices dichotomy. Despite expanding interest in ecosystem service research over the past three decades, in-depth understanding of the contribution of forests and trees to food production and livelihoods remains limited. At the same time, forests also store carbon, preserve soils and nurture a diversity of species. Ecosystem disservices were most commonly discussed (60%), with settlers considering mangroves as reservoirs of diseases such as malaria, with wide-ranging implications, such as the global drainage of wetlands in the 19th–20th centuries. Wake, C.S. ... See an overview of institutions financially supporting Waldplus here. Urban forests are integral components of urban ecosystems, which could generate significant ecosystem services, such as offsetting carbon emission, removing air pollutants, regulating the microclimate, and recreation. Krauss, K.W. Some of the articles do describe local uses of mangrove ecosystem services (see Sections below for relevant examples) so would encompass local users, though the focus in many articles was on ecosystem services that were of importance to colonial users. Regulating and supporting services are a focus of much contemporary mangrove ecosystem service research , though were not of much concern to colonial explorers, mentioned in only seven articles. Holmwood, F. The Kingani River, East Africa. ; Eddy, I.M. You seem to have javascript disabled. However, we also identify significant gaps in the current knowledge that demonstrate a need for larger-scale, longer term research to better understand the contribution of forest and trees within the broader landscape and their associated impacts on livelihoods and food production systems. Here are just five types of many of the ecosystem services provided to people and planet by the world’s rainforests: 1. FitzRoy, R. Considerations on the Great Isthmus of Central America. Given the importance of dominant tree species in supporting numerous ecosystem functions and services in forests (e.g. ; Saintilan, N.; Reef, R.; Chen, L. How mangrove forests adjust to rising sea level. Ecological role and services of tropical mangrove ecosystems: A reassessment. Kirk, J. Jaroz, L. Constructing the Dark Continent: Metaphor as geographic representation of Africa. Provisioning 3. The ecosystem services concept helps describe the benefits which humans receive from nature and natural processes in a way that can influence policy and management decision making. Friess, D.A. Lau, W. Beyond carbon: Conceptualizing payments for ecosystem services in blue forests on carbon and other marine and coastal ecosystem services. Extensive tracts of boreal forests are actively managed for timber production, but actions aimed at increasing timber yields also affect other forest functions and services. Forests provide a full suite of goods and services that are vital to human health and livelihood, natural assets we call ecosystem services. When moving forward with the ecosystem services agenda, it is important to consider how sources such as archival material can be used in a novel way to shed light on the rich history of ecosystem services (and disservices) research. Multiple ecosystem services were discussed, especially provisioning services for export, representing colonial views of new lands as ripe for economic use. National Capital Committee. ; Cahoon, D.R. ; Thompson, B.S. Mangrove forests were heavily used by many indigenous communities due to the provisioning ecosystem services described previously, though interactions between these groups in the mangrove zone meant that this was perceived by colonial writers as an ecosystem disservice of mangroves; mangroves and other forested habitats were viewed as dangerous as they were seen to be the refuge or hiding place of ‘dangerous’ indigenous communities [, Several reports describe contacts between British sailors and aboriginal communities in the 1860s–1880s during the expansion of colonies into northern Australia. Proceedings of the expedition for the exploration of the Rewa River and its tributaries, in Na Viti Levu, Fiji islands. Other terms to narrow down the search would not have been appropriate, as the term “ecosystem services” has only been used in the last few decades [. Friess, D.A. These can be a source of income for people, though this is not always the case: most of them are common … Bassil, N.R. To provide a foundation with which to discuss colonial uses and perceptions of ecosystem services and disservices, this study conducted an in-depth literature search, supported by a semi-quantitative analysis of key words, temporal change in key word use, and the geographical distribution of key word use. ; Lynch, J.C.; Cormier, N. Surface elevation change and susceptibility of different mangrove zones to sea-level rise on Pacific high islands of Micronesia. This review synthesizes the current evidence base examining the contribution of forest and trees to agricultural production and livelihoods in the tropics, where production often occurs within complex land use mosaics that are increasingly subjected to concomitant climatic and anthropogenic pressures. These non-timber benefits are known as “ecosystem services.” Barbier, E.B. The ecosystem services paradigm—the benefits that ecosystems provide to human populations [, Despite its utility in communicating the importance of mangrove forests to a variety of stakeholders, the sole focus of the ecosystem services approach on societal benefits belies the potential negative influences and perceptions—or ‘ecosystem disservices’—that mangroves can have on surrounding populations. Please note that many of the page functionalities won't work as expected without javascript enabled.