Another indicator of the availability of information is given in Table 7.1. Planting forests provides a multitude of benefits that can be categorized as economic, ecological, and social. Current trends in privatization and community involvement in forest management have been accompanied by rapid changes in resource tenure patterns and increasing complexity of stakeholder relations. 6. In addition, availability of data might be restricted to those countries that possess a rural cadastre, i.e. Maintaining and enhancing these functions is an integral part of sustainable forest management. Asia shows a slight upward trend, while the number of reporting countries in Africa, North and Central America and Oceania is too small to support a statement regarding trend. Unless you strongly believe in Elon Musk‘s idea of making Mars as another habitable planet, do remember that there really is no 'Planet B' in this whole universe. Although rules and regulations are being put in place to reduce noise pollution in many nations across the globe, embracing social forestry in urban areas can mitigate the effects of noise pollution. Figures refer to employment in forestry activities rather than employment in the whole forestry sector (i.e. Fifty-six countries provided information, accounting for slightly more than half the global forest area (Figures 7.3 and 7.4). Of these, only 66 countries and territories (representing about 53 percent of the worldâs forest area) reported actually having forest areas designated for social services, and only 60 countries have presented complete trend data. Trends are shown only for countries that reported for both years (Table 7.7). Globally, the total reported value of wood removals in 2005 was US$64 billion, with some US$57 billion from industrial roundwood and a further US$7 billion from fuelwood (Table 7.2). The common purpose is usually timber plantations on private land, but the setup can be applied to a range of enterprises that are managed in a variety of ways using different parts of the trees. Trees also add exciting color and beauty to the neighborhood as seasons change. The above figures amount to an 11 percent increase over the last 15 years. The strong trend for South America is entirely due to the reclassification by Brazil. Of the total of 229 countries and territories covered by FRA 2005, 157 (69 percent) have reported on ownership of forests, accounting for 77 percent of total forest area (Figure 7.6). They also act as mulch reducing evaporation. However, the increase involves limited geographical areas; the most relevant one is central Europe. At the regional level, North and Central America accounted for about one-third the total reported value of removals (and it should be noted that Canada is not included in this figure). Although the concept and practice of social forestry have existed for centuries, it is constantly gaining a new dimension because of its benefits including its potential for tackling the challenges of global warming. mainly developed countries. In South America, the reported value of wood removals declined significantly from 1990 to 2000, but has since partly recovered â largely due to changes in Brazil, where the reported value of wood removals has followed a similar pattern. These changes, in addition to affecting the way in which forests are managed, have social, political and economic implications. In other words, successful outdoor spaces are pivotal in the healthy social ecology of a community, and trees are a key element in creating effective outdoor spaces. 2. The reported value of industrial roundwood removals across the regions follows a similar pattern. Areas of forest designated for social services. Although the volume of global fuelwood production is about the same as the production of industrial roundwood, these figures suggest that the value of fuelwood production per cubic metre is roughly one-tenth that of industrial roundwood production, which seems plausible. Another possible problem is that some of the reported statistics may include the numbers of people collecting fuelwood and NWFPs for subsistence purposes. Forests have numerous social benefits, ranging from indigenous peoples’ rights to contributions to sustainable livelihoods, rural development, and local employment. Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005, Progress towards sustainable forest management, 1. Therefore, bringing trees to human habitats can contribute to better health and improved general wellbeing. In the future, it would be useful to include statistics for value-added for the whole sector, including processing, rather than only for the value of removals. Second, the values reported were sometimes the value of exports only or of the income from licence fees to remove products. Economic benefits are usually measured in monetary terms and may include: income from employment in the sector; the value of the production of goods and services from forests; and the contribution of the sector to the national economy, energy supplies and international trade. A true environmentalist by heart ❤️. What is Urban Gardening? Globally, it appears that the total value of removals increased from 1990 to 2000, then declined from 2000 to 2005. In a medium-sized city, planting trees in parks and along paths and roads can help save up to 10. 25+ Phenomenal Ways To Stop Deforestation and Protect Our Planet, Data Show Australian Government Spends Billions of Taxpayer Dollars Planting Trees Only To Wipe Them Out Later For Agriculture, Continuous Decline in Earth’s Natural Ecosystem Poses Immediate Threat To Human Society, Can You Recycle a Mattress? Trees are associated with various social benefits that make the neighborhood more attractive and valuable. At the global level, the reported value of NWFP removals increased by 26 percent, from US$4.8 billion in 1990 to US$6.1 billion in 2000. Forest-base… Economic, social, and environmental sustainability goals depend on a level of resource use that does not exceed the long-term productive capacity of the resource base to provide a wide range of goods and services. The figures shown above do not capture all the profound changes that have occurred in Europe over the last 15 years (UNECE, 2005), but they do indicate that the value of removals is now higher than at the start of these changes. In addition, in all three regions, it seems likely that this has been supported by an increase in unit prices over the period. Trees create shade that helps improve the longevity of outdoor furniture and even pavement. In terms of forest area, the regions or subregions accounting for the greatest area of private forests are North America ( about 200 million hectares) and Europe (100 million hectares), followed by Oceania (49 million hectares). 8.3 How many people are employed in forestry? Planting two or three trees in the compound can shade your home from the hot sun eliminating the need to cool your home and thus, lowering the energy needed to heat the house. How healthy are the worldâs forests? For this reason, the main goal of social forestry is to grow trees and plantations to meet the growing needs of people in reference to increased demand for timber, wood, food, fuel, and food to reduce the pressure and dependency on traditional forest areas. However, information was requested only on employment related to the primary production of forest goods and related services, i.e. This was largely owing to the inclusion of some very high numbers for people employed in the establishment of forest plantations. Well managed forests encourage biodiversity as they offer habitation for various animals, plants, shrubs, insects, and birds among others. The evaporation from a single tree can have the same cooling effect as ten room-sized, residential air conditioners operating 20 hours a day. At the regional level, the reported value of NWFP removals increased significantly in Asia (from US$2.0 billion in 1990 to US$3.4 billion in 2000) and increased very slightly in Europe (from US$1.5 billion in 1990 to US$1.6 billion in 2000). Are forests managed in a sustainable way? Perhaps the greatest concern identified was that some countries may have reported the number of people employed part time in the sector, without converting these figures to full-time equivalents. The regions showing an increase in employment may reflect roundwood production that is increasing faster than increases in labour productivity (for a more detailed discussion, see Lebedys, 2004). On the other hand, figures supplied by countries are also likely to be very low estimates of the total value of their removals. What products are extracted from forests? Another critical benefit of social forestry is soil conservation. The village members collectively decide and implement projects on the communal land. In the farm forestry setup, the objective is to manage trees for a specific purpose within a farming context. It also seeks to provide a balance between outside and community interests. The other regions reported minimal values for NWFP removals in 2005, owing to very limited availability of information. You can help us remain free and independant as well as to develop new ways to communicate science by becoming a Patron! by Melanie McDermott, Science & Technology Committee. This development is paralleled by significant shifts in forest tenure and innovative institutional arrangements aimed at increasing the direct involvement of stakeholders in forest management. Two measures were included: area of forest for which the provision of social services was designated as the primary function and total area of forest for which recreation, education and other social services were designated as one of the functions. At the regional level, a higher proportion of countries in Asia, Europe and South America provided information. Of the animal products, the reported value of bushmeat removals was by far the most important, with a value of US$0.6 billion. This was particularly a problem for fuelwood removals (e.g. A significant fall in production levels occurred in the early 1990s in Europe, followed by rapid growth in the latter part of the decade. The analysis of trends in area of forests primarily designated for social services is based on those countries or territories that have reported a complete time series (Table 7.12). The benefits provided by forest ecosystems include: goods such as timber, food, fuel and bioproducts ecological functions such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling, water and air purification, and maintenance of wildlife habitat social and cultural benefits such as recreation, traditional resource uses and spirituality A focused effort should be made to improve the quality of employment statistics in a few key countries in which the reported statistics are missing, or are very high but may be based on minimal survey data or very simple estimation techniques. As a result, values for 2005 may be lower than those shown in Table 7.2 (which includes all reporting countries). This makes it difficult to draw any far-reaching conclusions on status and trends. Social forestry refers to the management of forests for the benefits of local communities. Communities that embrace social forestry enjoy significant benefits in terms of improved agricultural activities. It can generally be said that no major differences in the ownership structure occur between the ownership of forests and other wooded land, at least at subregional and global scales. Lebedys (2004) presents a figure of 4.2 million for total forestry employment in 2000. The reported value of removals of exudates also almost doubled over the same period to US$0.9 billion in 2000. increased mechanization of harvesting operations). Two billion people also rely on traditional medicines from forests for their health. One country â India â accounts for a significant proportion of this discrepancy (the figure quoted in Lebedys is based on the results of an earlier FAO survey of forestry employment in which India reported a 1994 level of employment of only 263Â 000). Indonesia, Japan and Malaysia). (And What to Do With Old Junk Mail), Can You Recycle Lighters? Plant products accounted for about three-quarters (or just under US$3 billion). Values of urban forests as a means of coping temporarily with undesirable urban conditions are emphasized. While urban forests provide an array of social benefits to people living and working in cities and visiting them, these benefits are often unevenly distributed. For example, the United States included employment in sawmilling in their employment figures for FRA 2005 (resulting in a much higher number than for employment in roundwood production alone). For animal products, information was more available for the value of removals of bushmeat, honey and beeswax. 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