Ecosystem Services from Tropical Forests: Review of Current Science Abstract Tropical forests exert a more profound influence on weather patterns, freshwater, natural disasters, biodiversity, food, and human health – both in the countries where forests are found and in distant countries – than any other terrestrial biome. It also touches upon the issue of ecosystem trade-offs. Introduction. In this context, the regulating role of forests has been recognised (de Groot et al. This report MAES, according to Common International Classification of Ecosystem Services (CICES, 2013), classifies ES into three groups: Provisioning, Regulating/Maintenance and Cultural services. Ecosystem services are increasingly recognized as a way of framing and describing the broad suite of benefits that people receive from forests. Assessment and valuation of ecosystem services and biodiversity. Guidance Manual for the Valuation of reGulatinG SerViceS i Glossary Benefits: Positive change in well-being from the fulfilment of needs and wants. regulating ecosystem services of Kenya, through valuation of the priority regulating services. In the Northern Forest, communities rely on both the goods generated by working forests and the ecosystem services of surrounding forest watersheds. Several classification approaches to classification of ecosystem services has been developed. These non-timber benefits are known as “ecosystem services.” The result is a growing deficit: 54% of the human demand for regulating and cultural ecosystem services is insufficiently covered by ecosystems. Ecosystem services are the benefits natural ecosystems provide to people. The first step towards protecting biodiversity and ecosystems, linked to the natural resources a country or community depends upon, is knowing and understanding the role that they play.FAO works with partners to assess ecosystem services linked to food production and agriculture. ecosystem services. The most important of these are the cycling of substances and ensuring of the reproduction of organisms. define what an ecosystem service is, and then present the five types of ecosystem services that these wetlands and mangroves provide to human populations. The 2005 Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, prepared by a group of over 1300 international experts, found that 60 percent of ecosystem services assessed globally are either degraded or being used unsustainably. key ecosystem services provided by southern forests using the first three categories identi-fied in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment provisioning, regulating, and cultural services. The regulating services provided by mangrove forests are extensive. 3 Ecosystem Services from Forests The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MEA 2005) concluded that since about 1950, 60% of all ES had declined as a direct result of the growth of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, industries, and urban settlement, mainly through the increase in Firstly, carbon sequestration and burial refers to the absorption of carbon from the atmosphere and its retention in underground storage. carbon capture, avoided erosion, water regulation, habitat provisioning Forests play a vital role in Canada’s economic health, with the forest industry accounting for some 297,000 direct and indirect jobs. At the same time, forests also store carbon, preserve soils and nurture a diversity of species. Managing multiple ecosystem services (ES) across landscapes is challenging given that tradeoffs often occur in space and time [1–4] among bundles of multiple ES, including provisioning (i.e. 2010), although the sponge model – the general belief that forests Regulating services consist of ecosystem processes that maintain environmental conditions favourable to life. Forest ecosystems and biodiversity are strongly interlinked. Salvage logging affected ecosystem services in a moderately negative way, regardless of disturbance type and severity, time elapsed since salvage logging, intensity of salvage logging, and the group of regulating ecosystem services being considered. Regulating Services: Regulation of climate/temperature, the spread disease, and control rate, ... on ecosystem services and to establish market-based incentives that reward landowners for maintaining and enhancing the ecosystem services that their forests provide to all of us. Ecosystem services are central in the ecosystem accounting framework since they provide the link between ecosystem assets on the one hand and the benefits received by society on the other. Ecosystem services (ESs) are considered those tangible and intangible benefits that ecosystems provide to society. The forests and woodlands in the UK provide a broad range of ecosystem services from regulating the flow and purification of water to maintaining soil’s productive capacity as well as capturing carbon and providing recreation services. Ecosystem services can be categorised as: Provisioning or financial benefits from wood, fuel and fibre for example; Regulating, e.g. Nevertheless, the provision ... and attracting and building partnerships with stakeholders who benefit from particular services forests provide. Forests also provide non-market amenity services: the outputs or benefits of a forest that cannot be bought and sold in a traditional market. Supporting services, the fourth category in the assessment, are underlying ecosystem process-es necessary to maintain and allow production Many ecosystem services are quantified and valued for individual RFA regions, providing insights into the role of forests in different parts of Victoria in providing ecosystem services. Seventy percent of the regulating and cultural services evaluated in the assessment are in decline. climate, disease or water regulation) and cultural (recreation, education or heritage) services []. BROCHURE Ecosystem Services (Min of Forests and Soil Cons & UNDP Nepal Mt EbA) This brochure provides an overview of what ecosystem services are, along with an explanation of its different sub-categories (provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services). Ensuring those values, as well as maintaining ecosystem services provided the ... services, such as timber, and at the same time regulating and cultural services the are aim of multi-functional and sustainable forest management. Tropical forests exert a more profound influence on weather patterns, freshwater, natural disasters, biodiversity, food, and human health – both in the countries where forests are found and in Ecosystem Services from Tropical Forests: Review of Current Science - Working Paper 380 | Center For Global Development In addition, forests provide economic, social and environmental values. ... timber and fibre for direct human use. Regulating ecosystem services Ecosystems also regulate many processes which manage the amount of water and the quality of soil, water, air or the conditions for the existence of plants and animals. These ecosystems services include: supporting, biological, provisioning, regulating, and cultural services. To construct hybrid physical and monetary Input-Output models that will … ... 2000). Benefits transfer approach: Economic valuation approach in which estimates obtained (by whatever method) in one context are used to estimate values in a different context (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment MA, 2005). Planted and natural forests provide a range of benefits or services to people and the environment. typically classified as provisioning, regulating or cultural services (see Table 1). Regulating services of mangroves. ecosystem services.The case studies sho w that such transitions can follow very different pathways, determined by the biophysical, socio-economic, and institutional contexts. Forests in mountain ecosystems provide a diversity of services and goods in mountain landscapes, and the immediate utility of the forest to upstream residents must be balanced with the insurance forests provide for downstream residents in the form of, especially, the services of water regulation and soil stabilization. To link regulating services associated with the montane forests of Kenya, to the economy of Kenya; 2. Forest biodiversity can be considered at different levels, including the ecosystem, landscapes, species, populations and genetics. Ecosystem services are the many and varied benefits to humans provided by the natural environment and from healthy ecosystems.Such ecosystems include, for example, agroecosystems, forest ecosystems, grassland ecosystems and aquatic ecosystems.These ecosystems, functioning in healthy relationship, offer such things like natural pollination of crops, clean air, extreme weather mitigation, … The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Ecosystems and Human Well-being: General Synthesis (Island Press 2005) 40. In high biodiversity forests this complexity allows organisms to adapt to continually changing environmental conditions and to maintain ecosystem functions. products such as fibers, fuel and foods), regulating (e.g. For example, forests in the Central Highlands RFA region provide significant water provision services to … The key objectives of the larger study are: 1. 1. The benefits and services of forests. Some important ES include carbon sequestration, coastal protection, and flood and erosion control. Ecosystem Services Human Well-being Direct Drivers of Change Changes in land use Species introduction or removal Technology adaptation and use External inputs (e.g., irrigation) Resource consumption Climate change Natural physical and biological drivers (e.g., volcanoes) Indirect Drivers of Change Demographic Examples of this kind of regulating service are: The demand for all these ecosystem services increased since 2010 but the potential of ecosystems to deliver these services is slowly declining. Classification of Ecosystem Services. The percentage of cases for which a relationship was detected varied strongly between ecosystem service categories with 23% for Provisioning, 8% for Regulating, 40% for Cultural, and 48% for Supporting Services. Ecosystem services can flow directly to people, and they can also be used by industries as inputs to the production of goods and services. 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