They are smoked out of their burrows and hunted with spears, nets, or dogs. The legs are short and sturdy, and each foot has five toes, all equipped with powerful claws. These circular quills can range up to … In the Mediterranean, it is known from mainland Italy and the island of Sicily, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia; they are also recorded in Ghana, Libya and along the Egyptian coast. Porcupines primarily eat roots, tubers, bark, and fallen fruit but also have a fondness for cultivated root crops such as cassava, potatoes, and carrots. They are nocturnal and monogamous. They warn potential enemies of their defense system when alarmed. We are a USDA licensed facility. These are the countries from which the crested porcupine is known: Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The morphology of the penis in porcupine (Hystrix cristata)", "The mounting and copulation behaviour of the crested porcupine, http://www.wildafrica.cz/images/animals/413_dikobraz-obecny.jpg, http://stoneplus.cst.cmich.edu/zoogems/porc%20quills-HatchNecklace.jpg, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crested_porcupine&oldid=993912568, Articles needing additional references from April 2009, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Tigrinya-language text, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles containing West Central Oromo-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 04:01. They are good diggers. Name Porcupine or Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) Order Rodentia. Crested Porcupine has somewhat long, coal-colored hair that falls evenly on either side of her head with distinctive, "quill"-like striped locks framing her round face. It has been recorded from sea level to 2,550 m (8,370 ft) in Moroccan Anti-Atlas. Hystrix cristata is part of the family Hystricidae. Second, the angular process is inflected on the lower jaw, and third, the nasal cavity is enlarged. Appearance Female porcupines are about one kilogram heavier than males, weighing 10-24 kg and males with a mass of 10-19 kg. These animals are easily distinguishable by their thick coat of sharp quills that they use for protection and insulation. Although it is favored in many parts of its range as food, its conservation status is set at least concern. [4] The male's penis is directed caudally when not erect.[5]. Porcupine quills have long been a favorite ornament and good-luck charm in Africa. They collect these bones, and store them in an underground chamber, or cave. These practices have eliminated them from densely settled areas. There are long vibrissae on the head. 3. Offspring 1 - 4 Porcupettes The name "Porcupine" in Latin means quill pig. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. These animals often travel long distances looking for food. A Porcupine’s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae. The paws have naked and padded soles and have a plantigrade gait. The crested porcupine’s scientific name is Hystrix cristata. The scientific name of the species depends on whether it belongs to the Old World porcupines of the Hystricidae family, or the New World porcupines which are a part of the Erethizontidae family.. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. Check back often for any new additions to the Out of Africa Wildlife Park family. The crested porcupine takes care of the young for a long time and small family groups consist of the adult pair and young of various ages. The young are suckled from six to eight weeks of age and then begin to eat vegetable matter. Max Weight: 30 lbs . In addition to being targeted for their quills, they are illegally hunted for their meat. Common Name: African Crested Porcupine. The porcupine rasises their quills to make themselves look bigger and will run backwards at you ramming the animal or person with the quills which lodge into the skin and injure or kill. It is one of the largest rodents in the world.[3]. Both the male and female African Porcupines weigh from 10 to 24 kilograms (22 to 53 pounds) with very large specicimens weighing up to 30 kg (66 lb). In Latin, the word porcupine means "quill pig." The Hystricidae porcupines stay on the ground for the most part and live in … Type Mammal. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae[2] found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth. Porcupine Category: North American Mammals . Flaky is a porcupine from Happy Tree Friends. Some quills, like those of Africa’s crested porcupine… African leopards: iconic big cats survive mounting threats, Building better ranger forces for wildlife conservation, China-Africa Youth Dialogues connect conservation champions. African Crested (Maned) Rat - Lophiomys imhausi Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Superfami If an enemy persists, then they run backward until they ram their attacker with their quills. The crested porcupine is also known as the African crested porcupine. Their most recognizable feature is, of course, its quills. The word “porcupine” means “quill pig”, but the porcupine isn’t a pig, nor is it related to pigs in any way. These attacks are known to have killed lions, leopards, hyenas, and even humans.[4]. Crested porcupines reach adult weight at one to two years and are often sexually mature just before then. [6], The crested porcupine is a terrestrial mammal; they very seldom climb trees, but can swim. Porcupines are the largest and heaviest of all African rodents. At this time, the spines begin to harden. As human populations expand, humans and porcupines find themselves in increasingly close quarters. The African porcupine is the largest rodent in the regions they inhabit. Usually, female crested porcupines have one litter every year. To ingest calcium and sharpen incisors, they often gnaw on bones. $750. Adult size is approximately 24" - 33" long. In the Laikipia region of Kenya — which has no formal protected areas — we partnered with the Koija community and a private operator to construct the Koija Starbeds Lodge. Scientific Name: Hystrix cristata . Also, some sturdier quills which are about 35 cm (14 in) in length run along the sides and back half of the body. Max Length: 24 - 36 in . The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to its crest of quills. [4] Breeding occurs throughout the year. Crested porcupines have been known to collect thousands of bones that they find at night. Scientific Name: Hystrix Cristata. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Sometimes, humans dig up these bones. The crested porcupine’s scientific name is Hystrix cristata. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Known by the scientific name, Erethizon dorsatum, the North American Porcupine is the second largest rodent in North America. They are similar in appearance to, and only slightly larger than, their close relatives, the crested porcupines, and can most easily be distinguished from them by the presence of a band of short white s… The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the thicker, shorter quills. When these quills are vibrated, they produce a hiss-like rattle. Our solutions to protecting the porcupine: African Wildlife Foundation educates communities about the importance of sustainable practices for agricultural and settlement growth by providing training on best practices and incentivizing conservation agriculture when appropriate. Between one and four young are born in the grass-lined burrow. Only the beaver is larger. Koopa is the name given to turtles in the Super Mario Brothers video games. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). So I did some research, and I found out that the scientific name for crested porcupines is Hystrix cristata. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. They are quite playful and, outside the burrow, they run and chase one another. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. Porcupine Scientific Name The taxonomy of Porcupines is broken down into the Rodentia order, the Erethizontidae (New World) or Hystricidae (Old World) family and the Erethizon or Chaetomys Genius. The world's largest porcupine, this rodent exhibits black and white quills along its head. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Life Span 5 to 7 Years. Rodents, such as our African crested porcupines, have ever growing front teeth (called incisors). D&D Beyond Her nickname is Yama Voice Actress: Konno Hiromi (今野宏美) Romaji "Afurika Tategami Yamaarashi, desuu. This porcupine has a shorter tail which has rattle quills at the end. Porcupines will stamp their feet, click their teeth, and growl or hiss while vibrating specialized quills that produce a characteristic rattle. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. These burrows are most commonly occupied in family units. Collar bones are very much reduced, and one incisor, one premolar and three molars are present in each quadrant. Cape porcupines are one of the largest rodents in Africa, and they are also the world's largest porcupines. Status Least Concern. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. Its Latin name means “quill pig”, which is the regional American name of the porcupine. These are a defense mechanism against predators like African lions or hyenas. Her gentle eyes are a deep brown. These sturdier quills are used, for the most part, for defense and are usually marked with light and dark bands which alternate; these are not firmly attached. Some koopas, called spinies (Spiny) have spikes protruding out of their back. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. The African-Crested Porcupine is currently of … Looking like a cross between a ferret, a skunk, and a porcupine, the African crested rat may be adorable, but it packs a poisonous punch. Ever dapper, the Crested Porcupine Friend dresses herself in a simple but stylish black sweater-vest over top of a gray dress shirt and white business ti… African Crested Porcupine. Common Name Porcupine. The skull is specific in many ways; first, the infraorbital foramen is greatly enlarged so portions of the masseter extend through it and attach from the frontal side surface of the snout. Please be sure to do your research on state laws and license requirements prior to contacting us. Ash is an African Crested Porcupine from the Illumination film Sing. Sometimes, they will even take carrion back to the burrow to nibble on. A Rodent with Quills. There are more than two dozen porcupine species, and all boast a coat of needle-like quills to give predators a sharp reminder that this animal is no easy meal. Donate now. This rodent is 25 – 29 inches long (63-73 cm) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds (8-23 kg). Our lists include both the common and scientific (Latin) names for all our residents. It is between 25 and 29 inches long, and weighs from 18 to 51 pounds. Rodents are mammals including rats, mice, porcupines, beavers, and more. They are mostly nocturnal, and they may wander upon the skeletons of many animals. Family Hystricidae. The average lifespan is 12 - 15 years. The porcupine is identified by its specialized hairs or quills. They have even been found on Mt. Out of Africa Wildlife Park Full Species List: MAMMALS (Common Name) Scientific (Latin) Name. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. They leave the den after one week. The North African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine on earth and one of the largest rodents. Contents 1 Description The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. A "crest" of spiny hair accentuates the very top of her head, awash in a black-to-white gradient. Name Porcupine or Cape Porcupine [Hystrix africaeaustralis] Appearance. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. One or two very well developed young are born in a chamber within the burrow that is usually lined with grass, after a 66-day gestation period, on average. African Crested porcupines are nocturnal and will travel up to nine miles in the dark … The rattle quills broaden at the terminal end and the broad portion is hollow with thin walls. Male African Crested Porcupine, born 8/5/20, bottle raised and friendly. They are well-developed and are born with open eyes. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. When porcupine populations close to cultivated areas surge, they can become serious agricultural pests. Facts about Porcupine, "Scientific name for Porcupine is Hystricomorph hystricidae". The ears are external and both the eyes and ears are very small with long vibrissae on its head. The front feet of the crested porcupine have four developed and clawed digits with a regressed thumb, the rear feet have five. Usually, the quills lie flat against the body, but if danger threatens, they raise and spread them. The porcupine was thought to have been introduced to Italy by the Romans, but fossil and subfossil remains suggest it was possibly present in Europe in the Upper Pleistocene. Quill length varies on different parts of the body, ranging from 2.5 to 30.5 centimeters (1 to 12 inches). Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. Porcupines can be divided into New World porcupines (of North and South America) and Old World porcupines (of Asia and Europe). Gestation Period: 79 days . Koija Starbeds sets aside land for wildlife while, at the same time, creating jobs and income for the local community. Diet Herbivore. The word porcupine means “quill pig” in Latin; however, porcupines are large rodents and have no relation to pigs. The hollow rattle quills serve as musical instruments and were once used as containers for gold dust. Eight species are placed in the genus Hystrix, only two of which are found outside of Asia. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. Scales on quill tips lodge in the skin like fishhooks and are difficult to pull out. Porcupine | Pixabay Image. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. The porcupine has quite an interesting heritage. Most of what is known about reproduction in the crested porcupine comes from individuals in captivity. They have high crowned teeth that grind plant tissues which are digested in the stomach, and the undigested fibers are retained in an enlarged appendix and anterior large intestine, where they are broken down by microorganisms. In defense, when disturbed, they raise and fan their quills to make themselves look bigger. These large rodents modify natural shelters among roots and rocks, inhabit holes made by other animals, or dig their own hideaways. The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to its crest of quills. Scientific Name Hystrix cristata. The head is roundish and rather domed, with a blunt muzzle and small eyes and ears. Unleash more canine heroes to save elephants. The African cape porcupine is one of the largest members of the rodent family. The reverse charge is most effective because the hindquarters are the most heavily armed, and the quills are directed to the rear. It lives in hilly, rocky habitats in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. The tips of the quills on the tail are narrow and hollow. 1 1.1 Media 1.1.1 Mobile Game (2015) 1.1.1.1 In-Game Stats 1.1.1.2 Quote 1.1.2 Anime 1.2 In Real Life 1.3 External Links African Crested Porcupine (アフリカタテガミヤマアラシ, Afurika Tategami Yamaarashi) is a Friends that appeared in the Kemono Friends game. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. Morkubine Porcupine is an animated character from the Disney film Chicken Little. Learn how we're protecting Africa's species each and every day so we never have to live in a world without elephants, rhinos, and other precious wildlife. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. Prominent pockets create enlarged areas of attachment for chewing muscles. The young weigh about 1,000 g (2.2 lb) at birth, which is about 5% of the mother's weight. Geographic Range Found in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. African Pygmy Hedgehog Atelerix albiventris; Addax** Addax nasomaculatus Hystrix cristata (Crested Porcupine); Atherurus africanus (African Brush-tailed Porcupine); Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape Porcupine) It is extant in mainland Italy, Sicily, North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Like other rodents, crested porcupines are nocturnal, and monogamous. Hystrix cristata (Crested Porcupine); Atherurus africanus (African Brush-tailed Porcupine); Hystrix africaeaustralis (Cape Porcupine), 60 to 93 centimeters in length (23 to 37 inches), 15 years in the wild; up to 20 years in captivity. Species is the largest rodents in Africa a comb, relating to its crest of.! Geographic range found in sub-Saharan Africa african crested porcupine scientific name nets, or cave portion is hollow with thin walls being targeted their... 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Long ( 63-73 cm ) and weighs about 18 – 51 pounds scientific is. 4 ], such as our African crested porcupines have one litter every year predators like African or.: North American Mammals are external and both the common and scientific Latin!, crested porcupines, have ever growing front teeth ( called incisors ) 8/5/20.