[51] On September 29 it was identified as Tropical Depression Sixteen about 900 mi (1,400 km) southeast of Barbados. The first storm, Tropical Depression One, developed on June 15, and dissipated two days later without effects on land. [56], On October 10 the 17th tropical depression of the season organized from a disturbance in the ITCZ. Favorable conditions allowed the storm to continue strengthening, and on September 22, Helene became a major hurricane. Overall damage from the storm was light, and only one known death was attributed to the storm. Storms in the 1920s. [11] In Florida, the depression produced light rain, including 3.18 in (81 mm) at Pompano Beach. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 1994 season. On September 14, 1988, Hurricane Gilbert made a second landfall on Mexico’s Yucatan Peninsula as a Category 5 storm. This list is the name that were set aside for the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season. A tropical disturbance organized into the first eastern Pacific tropical depression of the season on June 15. Hurricane Joan's small size allowed the depression to remain out-of-reach as it developed. An upper level trough forced it to the northeast, where upper-level shear and cooler drier air weakened it to minimal storm strength in a pattern typical for November. This excludes anything except tropical storms (winds between 62 and 117 km/h) and hurricanes (winds above 117 km/h), since lesser storms are not named. This list is the name that were set aside for the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season. Hurricane Hugo was a Cape Verde hurricane that became a Category 5 (on the Saffir-Simpson Scale) storm in the Atlantic, then raked the northeast Caribbean as a Category 4 storm before turning northwest between an upper-level high pressure system to the north and upper-level low pressure system to the south. A real heavy bike but at 6′-1″ and 190 lbs, the weight was no problem for me. [3] Forecasters were concerned because the depression formed in the breeding ground where other powerful East Coast hurricanes have started. The band split into two over the central Gulf when the southern portion stalled and the northern portion developed into a frontal wave that tracked northeastward. [15][16] On August 8 Alberto became extratropical over the cold waters of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Storm names are retired if they were so deadly or destructive that the future use of the name would be insensitive. [60] The hurricane damage in Nicaragua amounted to half of the $1.87 billion total. Hurricane Gabrielle was a Cape Verde hurricane that attained Category 4 status, and was also a large hurricane. [32] Three deaths in Puerto Rico were attributed to the weather. This season was active with 19 depressions. [11] Flooding from the depression damaged 1,000 houses and destroyed 200 homes in Camagüey Province alone. [31], Drifting west-northwest over the Gulf of Mexico, the depression organized and reached tropical storm-strength early on September 2. [25] Because of unfavorable upper level conditions and interaction with Bahama islands, the system lost its well defined center as it moved towards Florida's east coast. The first cyclone to attain tropical storm status was Alberto on August 8, nearly a month later than usual. [70] Keith, the last of four named tropical cyclones to hit the United States during the season, produced moderate rainfall, a rough storm surge, and gusty winds across central Florida. The only time that there is a change in the list is if a storm is so deadlyor costly that the future use of its name o… Gabrielle did not affect land, but is notable for both its size and intensity. Keith rapidly organized and peaked with winds of 70 mph (110 km/h) before making landfall on the northeastern portion of the Yucatán Peninsula on November 21. Retired female hurricane names: 1. Usually, the six lists of names for tropical storms and hurricanes repeat. Gilbert continued to strengthen as it brushed the southern coast of Hispaniola. Hurricane Gilbert was a very powerful tropical cyclone which caused much damage to the Caribbean, Mexico and parts of South Texas in the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season.Before Hurricane Wilma in 2005, Hurricane Gilbert was the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Atlantic in terms of Barometric pressure.. Storm names. The 1990 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season since 1969, with a total of 14 named storms.The season also featured eight hurricanes, one of which intensified into a major hurricane. [10] A tornado in the city of Camagüey destroyed five Soviet planes and multiple buildings. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray. The center passed south of Monterrey, Mexico, on September 17 and brought heavy flooding to the city. However, the outflow of the hurricane sheared the depression and sapped its energy. The red track shows the storm Chris between 8/21 … The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. On September 27 the storm became the fifteenth tropical depression of the season while it was about 265 mi (426 km) south-southeast of Cape Verde. A normal season as defined by NOAA has six to fourteen named storms of which four to eight reach hurricane strength and one to three become major hurricanes. [62], A westward-moving tropical wave, that left the coast of Africa in early October, tracked closely behind Hurricane Joan through the southern Caribbean. [4] For the next seven days, surface and reconnaissance observations found little evidence that the storm was strengthening. The use of easily remembered names greatly reduces confusionwhen two or moretropical storms occur at the same time. By August 6 the storm was designated the second tropical depression of the season. The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. [54] Across the country, the storm damaged roads and bridges. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray. [53] However, the remnants dropped heavy rainfall across Trinidad and Tobago, causing flooding and mudslides that injured 20 people[54] and left at least 30 homeless. The hurricane executed a tight cyclonic loop in which it weakened greatly but rapidly strengthened upon resuming its westward track. Late on the following day, Helene attained its peak intensity; maximum sustained winds were at 145 mph (233 km/h) and the minimum pressure of 938 mbar (27.7 inHg). I bought a brand new 1988 CBR1000F Monza Red and Black Hurricane. Florence and Helene were not used in 1982 but had been used in previous lists. Later on September 21, Helene intensified into a hurricane. A convective band on the north and west sides of the system became well-defined, and anticyclonic outflow allowed for initial organization. The tight center tracked towards the Pacific coast and reemerged near Manzanillo on September 5. This list is the same as the list in 1982 because no names were retired in 1982. Nevertheless, it was downgraded to a tropical wave at 80° W near the island of Jamaica on August 23. [22], A tropical wave in the far eastern Atlantic developed into the fifth tropical depression on August 20. This is the same list used for the 1982 season. The low accelerated over the Eastern Seaboard through Nova Scotia and finally dissipated on August 30. [37] A large extratropical storm over the North Atlantic absorbed Ernesto on September 5. On September 7 the system formed a surface circulation, and tropical depression advisories began that day. [22] The storm moved over south Georgia and the central Gulf Coast while dropping up to 7 in (178 mm) of rain on the Southeast. Hurricane Joan, striking Nicaragua as a Category 4 hurricane, caused about US$1.87 billion in damage and more than 200 deaths. In Alabama one man died while trying to secure his boat. [64] The system gradually dissipated on October 21 while Joan was experiencing rapid strengthening just before its arrival on the coast of Nicaragua. The storm left many without power and communications, severely damaged the country's transportation infrastructure, and destroyed six bridges. This list is the name that were set aside for the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season. The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each tropical cyclone, including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track (six-hourly positions and intensities). The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. [67][68][69] Minimal damage was reported in Mexico, still recovering from the devastating effects of Hurricane Gilbert two months earlier. Decreased wind shear in August allowed tropical waves to develop into tropical cyclones. One tropical storm was operationally classified as a tropical depression but was reclassified in post-analysis. These 21 names will be assigned to any tropical storms that develop in the Atlantic Ocean in 2019. The southern portion continued moving westward as a disorganized area of showers. The 1990 Atlantic hurricane season was the most active Atlantic hurricane season since 1969, with a total of 14 named storms.The season also featured eight hurricanes, one of which intensified into a major hurricane. Roxanne (1995) 9. [citation needed], On September 2 a cluster of thunderstorms associated with a northwestward-moving tropical wave developed a surface low near Bermuda. On June 16, strong convection with spiral bandingdeveloped over the depression, although it failed to strengthen further. Forecasts of hurricane activity are issued before each hurricane season by noted hurricane experts such as Dr. William M. Gray and his associates at Colorado State University. Any country may request that the name of a hurricane be “… Florence became a hurricane just hours before landfall on the western Mississippi Delta. Joan at the time was the southernmost Category 4 hurricane ever recorded, but this record has since been broken by Hurricane Ivan. [4] Over the open Gulf, Beryl produced sustained winds of minimal tropical storm force and tropical storm force gusts over coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. The precursor tropical wave produced thunderstorms and gusty winds ranging between 23 and 34 mph (37 and 55 km/h) in Cape Verde on September 17. [citation needed], The depression passed south of Puerto Rico on August 24 and dumped more than 14 in (360 mm) of rain on parts of the island. Gloria (1985) 4. [1], The activity in the first two months of the season was limited because of strong wind shear from an upper tropospheric flow. Here is the list of names for the current hurricane season. It was an above average season in which 19 tropical depressions formed. The slow moving system organized as it drifted toward the mouth of the Mississippi River. [citation needed], Tropical Depression Six developed from a tropical wave that moved off the northwest African coast on August 12. Storms were named Keith and Oscar for the only time, and Isaac, Joan, Leslie, Michael, Nadine, and Patty for the first time in 1988. Through the 2018 hurricane season, 88 names have been retired from the Atlantic basin list since 1953, when storms began to be named. [4] The storm rapidly weakened over southeastern Louisiana and lost all its deep convection as it passed over the New Orleans area. Rainfall reached 1.78 inches (45.1 mm) in Saint John, New Brunswick,[16] most of which fell in a short amount of time. [citation needed], The depression drifted eastward under the influence of the dissipating frontal trough and intensified into Tropical Storm Florence, as confirmed by Hurricane Hunters. However, if there is an unusually large or damaging hurricane, the name is retired by the World Meteorological Organization’s hurricane committee because using it again could be considered insensitive and could also cause confusion. Names can be repeated after an interval of six years, but the names of especially severe storms are permanently retired from use. The list below only includes human names given to North Atlantic storms. Gilbert's remnants turned north and eventually merged with a developing frontal low pressure system over Missouri. Shortly thereafter it dissipated just north of Newfoundland. [49], While Hurricane Helene was spinning in the central Atlantic, a tropical wave that moved off the coast of Africa in late September rapidly organized. It crossed the Guajira Peninsula on October 17 and quickly attained hurricane strength just 30 mi (48 km) from the coast. Although the World Meteorological Organization now names hurricanes after men and women, storm names weren’t always so equally divided by gender. Florence became a depression on September 10 near Baton Rouge and dissipated the next day over northeast Texas. The storm drifted north-northwest of the Cape Verde islands for the next three days with little change in strength. [4] Overall damage was widespread but fairly minor, totaling about $7.3 million. The NHC began issuing advisories on September 8 while it was 350 mi (560 km) northeast of Cape Verde. They were replaced by Gordon and Joyce in the 1994 season. Alicia (1983) 2. The remnants redeveloped on August 30 about 180 miles (290 km) southeast of North Carolina,[3] and the Washington office of the National Weather Service continued to track the system as a gale center until it merged with a front off the East Coast on September 1. The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. On September 16, Gilbert made its final landfall in northeast Mexico near the town of La Pesca with maximum sustained winds of 125 mph (201 km/h). Late on September 3 it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Ernesto. [4] Westerly vertical wind shear prevented deep convection at the center of the storm. The forecast did not specify how many hurricanes would reach major hurricane status. Hugo made landfall just north of Charleston, SC at Sullivan's Island around midnight September 22, 1989 as a Category 4 … [48], A tropical wave with deeply organized convection crossed the coast of Africa on September 15. Category 4 hurricane 145 (230) 934 NewFoundLand 5 4 Floyd August 16 – August 22 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 979 Jamaica 10 4 Gert August 20 – August 24 Tropical storm 60 (95) 995 None 0 0 Harvey August 31 – September 17 Category 5 hurricane 185 (295) 889 None 0 0 Irene September 10 – September 17 Category 3 hurricane However tropical cyclone can form outside these dates for example, Tropical Depression One formed on May 30. The tropical storm turned west and rapidly intensified to a major hurricane on September 11. Giving people's names to severe storms apparently began in Australia in the 19 th century, when Clement L. Wragge gave Biblical names to eastern Pacific hurricanes.During World War II, U.S. Army meteorologists are said to have begun using women's names for hurricanes, but we have not been able to find these names. Fran (1996) 10. [63], The last storm of the season formed from a tropical wave on November 17 to the south of Haiti. Storms were named Gilbert, Isaac, Joan and Keith for the first (and only, in the cases of Gilbert and Joan) time in 1988. [4], A cloud band accompanying a cold front exited the coast of Texas into the Gulf of Mexico on September 4. [43] Upon striking Louisiana, storm surge water levels rose moderately above normal just east of where the center moved ashore. Moderate to heavy rain was reported along the west coast of Africa, but no damage was reported. These are the names used in the past to refer to hurricanes that have causing mass death and devastation. Heavy downpours from system's remnants brought more than 12 in (300 mm) of rain to parts of eastern Texas. Hurricane Florence; Hurricane Gilbert; Unnamed Tropical Storm; Hurricane Helene; Tropical Depression Fifteen; Tropical Storm Isaac; Hurricane Joan; Tropical Depression Eighteen; Tropical Storm Keith; Storm names. The 1988 Atlantic hurricane season was a moderately active season that proved costly and deadly, with 15 tropical cyclones directly affecting land. Joan also brought heavy rainfall and mudslides to countries along the extreme southern Caribbean. [3], Rainfall from the depression and its precursor peaked at 40.35 in (1025 mm), including a daily peak of 34.13 in (867 mm). The names not retired from this list were used again in the 1994 season. It passed directly over Jamaica as a Category 3 hurricane and brought torrential rains to the island's mountainous areas. [38] Forecasters issued tropical storm warnings for the coast from Cameron, Louisiana, to Apalachicola, Florida, while the storm moved rapidly northeastward at 15 to 20 mph (32 km/h). The 1988 Atlantic hurricane season was a near average season that proved costly and deadly, with 15 tropical cyclones directly affecting land. By August 21 convection in the northern part of the wave detached and organized into Tropical Depression Seven. [57] A real heavy bike but at 6′-1″ and 190 lbs, the weight was no problem for me. [20] The next morning Beryl had weakened to a tropical depression as it moved over the Bayou Teche. [42] Convection over the southern portion increased and wrapped around the center of the cloud band. The last storm of the season, Tropical Storm Keith, dissipated on November 24,[4] only 6 days before the official end of the season on November 30. When the center reemerged over water, Gilbert rapidly intensified again. By early on September 29, Helene briefly restrengthened into a Category 2 hurricane and reached a secondary peak of 105 mph (169 km/h). [39] No major damage was reported. [3] The official storm track forecast errors were 30 to 40 percent lower than the average for the previous 10 years. [citation needed], A well-organized disturbance moved off the African coast on September 6 and rapidly developed into Tropical Depression Eleven. [31] The storm tracked westward along the southern periphery of a subtropical high pressure ridge over the mid-Atlantic. [19] Excessive rain fell along the central Gulf Coast, including local amounts of 16 in (410 mm) at Dauphin Island, Alabama. [17] The extratropical remnants of Alberto also produced light rain and some clouds along western Newfoundland. [31] The storm brought high winds, inland flooding, and mudslides and caused 10 deaths. Home > History > Featured Storms > Storms in the 1980s. [28] The next day this system was designated a tropical depression while it approached the Windward Islands. That record is held by an, Timeline of the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season, List of wettest tropical cyclones in Cuba since 1963, "Tropical Meteorology Project Forecast Verifications Errors", 10.1175/1520-0493(1989)117<2260:ATSO>2.0.CO;2, "Average NHC Atlantic Track Forecast Errors", "Atlantic basin: Comparison of Original and Revised HURDAT", "Background information: the North Atlantic Hurricane Season", "Lluvias intensas observadas y grandes inundaciones reportadas", "Características generales de los factores del régimen hidrológico de Cuba", "Cuba – Heavy Rains Jun 1988 UNDRO Information Report No. By 06:00 UTC on September 20, the depression was strengthened, and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Helene. [3] Twelve depressions attained tropical storm status, and five of these attained hurricane status, of which three reached major hurricane status. The storm went on to cause death and destruction in Mexico and spur a batch of tornadoes in Texas . Hurricane Gilbert slams into Jamaica, killing hundreds of people, on September 12, 1988. Hurricane Dean reached Category 2 status and passed over Bermuda on August 6, bringing hurricane conditions to the island. The strongest storm on the list was Hurricane Gilbert in 1988, a category 5 hurricane with minimum pressure of 888 mbar. For the next two days the system traveled northwest while it strengthened into Tropical Storm Joan. Though the surface low remained poorly defined and separate from the convection, the system became a tropical depression on September 3. No fatalities were reported.[69]. The June 1988 forecast was that eleven storms would form and that seven would reach hurricane status. Miriam gradually weakened until dissipating on November 2. This list is the same as the list in 1982 because no names were retired in 1982. Below is a complete list of these names as well as the year they were originally designated. Florence and Helene were not used in 1982 but had been used in previous lists. However, the name of a particularly destructive hurricane could be retired and replaced with a new name. [40] The system eventually weakened and merged with the low pressure trough. Later that day, based on observations from aircraft reconnaissance, Debby was upgraded to a hurricane. Hurricane Gilbert was an extremely powerful tropical cyclone that formed during the 1988 Atlantic hurricane season and brought widespread destruction to the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico.It was the most intense hurricane ever observed in the Atlantic basin, until Hurricane Wilma surpassed it during 2005. The storm continued to strengthen as it lost tropical characteristics. [35], Debby weakened considerably over the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains, although the remnants continued moving across Mexico. Storms in the 1900s. [49], After reaching peak intensity, Helene weakened as it tracked generally northward through the open Atlantic. [30] The disturbance moved over Central America with minimal convection but redeveloped into Hurricane Kristy once it reached the eastern Pacific. The next day a low level circulation was detected by satellite, indicating that a tropical depression was forming. These 21 names will be assigned to any tropical storms that develop in the Atlantic Ocean in 2019. The name lists repeat every six year and the only way the names are changed is if a name is retired. [citation needed], For three days a large trough of low pressure northwest of the system steered it north-northwest towards cooler waters. I bought a brand new 1988 CBR1000F Monza Red and Black Hurricane. [23], Early predictions from hurricane forecasters said that the depression would strengthen into the season's third tropical storm. It moved westward through the Caribbean Sea and became organized enough to attain tropical storm status on November 20. They are now maintained and updated througha strict procedure by an international committee of the World Meteorological Organization. Opal (1995) 8. The hurricane tracked through the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico and caused devastation in Mexico and many island nations, particularly Jamaica. Diana (1990) 6. As it moved west-northwest, it became Tropical Storm Gilbert over the islands on September 9. [4], A broad low pressure area formed in the western Gulf of Mexico on September 2 and quickly developed through the next day. On August 7 the system was designated Tropical Storm Alberto at 41.5°N, while located just south of Nantucket, Massachusetts, becoming the northernmost system to intensify into a tropical storm on record. Upon entering the Eastern Pacific, the system became Tropical Depression Seventeen-E before dissipating in the Gulf of California on September 8. The June through November dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. It traveled westward at a low latitude along the Intertropical Convergence Zone (or ITCZ), and its convection gradually grew more organized. [3] News reports blamed Tropical Depression Eighteen and other tropical systems for bringing swarms of pink locusts from Africa to Trinidad and other Caribbean nations. After forming, the depression tracked west-southwestward and intensified due to disrupted outflow from a large air stream disturbance. [4] Nevertheless, the storm lasted only a short time in the shearing environment. The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1988. The hurricane quickly weakened as it crossed the peninsula and emerged into the Gulf of Mexico as a Category 2 hurricane. [47], Hurricane Gilbert was the most intense hurricane ever observed in the Atlantic basin until Hurricane Wilma broke this record in 2005. [26], By August 24 the depression's forward speed had increased to 15 mph (24 km/h) as its movement turned west. Tropical cyclones include depressions, storms and hurricanes. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 1994 season.This is the same list used for the 1982 season.Storms were named Keith and Oscar for the only time, and Isaac, Joan, Leslie, Michael, Nadine, and Patty for the first time in 1988. After crossing the state, it became extratropical on November 24 near Bermuda and became an intense extratropical system over the Atlantic with sustained winds of minimal hurricane force. The rainfall caused localized flooding, which briefly closed some streets. [citation needed], Hurricane Joan killed 148 people in Nicaragua and 68 others in affected nations. This page was last changed on 9 March 2015, at 22:59. [12] Throughout Cuba, the depression affected about 90,000 people, injuring dozens[13] and killing a total of 37 people,[10] including three who died from electrocution. Though the storm was still very weak, they initially predicted it would strengthen. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray. Five tropical cyclones reached hurricane status of which three became major hurricanes reaching Category 3 on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale. Until 2007's Hurricane Dean, it was also the most recent storm to make landfall as a Category 5 hurricane in Mexico. [3][22] The system spawned gusty winds and thunderstorms along the coasts of Florida and Georgia but caused little damage. Although vigorous tropical waves moved off the coast of Africa, most of them quickly diminished in intensity as they crossed the tropical Atlantic Ocean. [44] Gusty winds caused power outages to more than 100,000 people. As a result, no tropical depressions formed in June or July. [45], The 13th tropical depression formed just east of the Lesser Antilles on September 8. [7], Timeline of tropical activity in 1988 Atlantic hurricane season, The first tropical depression of the season formed on May 30 in the northwest Caribbean Sea. Names that will not be used again include Gilbert, a 1988 category 5 hurricane that had the lowest central atmospheric pressure (888 millibars) ever recorded in the Atlantic. Southern Hemisphere tropical cyclone seasons: This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 06:20. The name lists repeat every six year and the only way the names are changed is if a name is retired. Storms in the 1960s. It officially began on June 1, 1990, and lasted until November 30, 1990. Six years' worth of names have already been planned out, including 21 names per year. Later that month, Tropical Storm Allison caused severe flooding, especially in Texas and Louisiana. Below is the list of Atlantic Ocean retired names and the year the hurricane(s) occurred. Oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico reported winds gusts to 40 mph (64 km/h), and moderate to heavy rains drenched large portions of southeast Texas and Louisiana. Retirement of hurricane names began in 1954, and Florence in 1988 wasn't destructive or deadly enough to merit retirement of the name. 1", "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Depression One", "Tropical Storm Alberto Preliminary Report", "Canadian Tropical Cyclone Season Summary for 1988", "Tropical Storm Beryl Preliminary Report", "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Storm Beryl", "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Depression Four", "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Storm Chris", "Tropical Storm Chris Preliminary Report", "Tropical Storm Ernesto Preliminary Report", "Rainfall Summary for Tropical Depression Ten", "Unnamed Tropical Storm Preliminary Report", "Rainfall Summary for Hurricane Florence", "Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Wilma", "Tropical Storm Isaac Preliminary Report", "Tropical Depression Twenty-E Discussion for 0300 UTC", "Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Ivan", "Tropical Storm Keith Preliminary Report", The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones from 1851 to 2010 (And Other Frequently Requested Hurricane Facts), 10.1175/1520-0493(1989)117<2248:AHSO>2.0.CO;2, Detailed information on all storms from 1988, Information concerning U.S. rainfall from tropical cyclones in 1988, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1988_Atlantic_hurricane_season&oldid=993741005, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles which contain graphical timelines, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, United States East Coast, Atlantic Canada, Venezuela, Central America, Hispaniola, Mexico, Lesser Antilles, Colombia, Venezuela, Central America. 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